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יום רביעי 28.10.2020
מחקר של MIT: ההתחממות באגן הים התיכון תהיה גבוהה ממקומות אחרים בעולם
21/09/2020 15:43

The Mediterranean Basin is one of the most sensitive regions of the world against global climate change. An increase of 2 degrees Celsius will cause unexpected weather events, heat waves, an increase in the number and impact of forest fires, drought and therefore loss of biodiversity, decrease in tourism revenues, loss of agricultural yields and drought in the region.

According to a Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) study published in the Journal of Climate, the Mediterranean will be arider than other regions over the next decade and will receive 40 percent precipitation below its potential even in the winter. 

Different global circulation models foresee an increase in rainfall with higher temperatures as warmer air can carry more vapor, but not in the Mediterranean, which the researchers, Alexandre Tuel and Elfatih Eltahir say is "a major exception."
 
This is because of two reasons, according to the study. The first effect is a phenomenon related to powerful high-altitude winds called the "midlatitude jet stream," which drive a strong, steady west-to-east weather pattern across Europe, Asia, and North America.
 
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